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KEY TERMS OF AIKIDO

Basic concepts
Common phrases
Command
Technical terms

A feature of transcription of Japanese words due to the specifics of the phonetic system of Japanese language.
please take the names of Japanese terms as our variant transliteration, does not claim to absolute correctness, if you do not agree with it and used to other letter combinations.

Basic concepts

Awaseblending, merging, alignment
Awaseruto combine, to mix, to reconcile, to harmonize
Аiharmony, unification
Аikithe combination of universal spiritual power
Aikikai Aikido Association. The term used to describe an organisation created by O Sensei to spread Aikido
Aiki-no-kuraithe secret of Aikido, higher consciousness Aiki
Aikido the path of Union intentions.
AI-nukemutual saving
AI uchimutual destruction
Budothe path control unit, the path of the warrior, discipline, martial arts training and guiding mental and spiritual development
Bushiwarrior, samurai
Bushido"The samurai code of honor"
Danlevel of skill; degree
Jashinthe constant state of readiness
Dzadzenthe meditation, position for meditation
Jutsu skill, art, technique
DoThe way In Japan - any art that is practiced for spiritual development and technical skill. Consider how "Do" is the path to harmony of body and spirit. For example: Aikido; Kendo; Shodo (calligraphy). path, road, trail
Dojoplace of martial arts study, the place of attainment of the Path
Dojo-geicotraining in the dojo
Doshuliterally : master the Way, according to Japanese tradition
Desidisciple, student, learner
KamiGod, deity, Divine Spirit
Kamidzaa place of honor, a place in the dojo where the Sensei starts and finish the training
Kannagarastay in solitude, being alone with nature
Katana (Tachi; Daito)sword
Katana-kakestand for swords
Kienergy and spiritual life, inner strength
Ki musubi"communication is Ki". All beings and elements of nature form an unbreakable bond energy
Ki-no-NagareKi flow; like energy stream. One of the stages of learning and using the techniques in Aikido.
Kokorospirit, soul, heart, will
Kokyuthe breath of life. A single breath of the Universe and man
Kotodama"the spirit of the word, the soul sounds". The study of sounds as generating vibrations of different concentrations of force, which are then perceived as sound, color and shape. Currently knowledge about kotodama there are only a few Aikido masters
Keikogi (GI)clothes for exercise in Aikido (jacket, pants)
Kyustudent stage
Misogirite of cleansing (usually done in water: at sea, under a waterfall). All of the techniques in Aikido are forms of misogi
Musubiharmonious unity, unity with the Universe. The type of meditation used in Aikido at the beginning and end of the workout
O SenseiGreat Teacher, the title of Morihei Ueshiba - founder of Aikido
Ogifan
Rёkupower
Reygietiquette, rules of behavior
Reishikiritual, ceremonial
Ryuschool, flow, current
Satorienlightenment, awareness, understanding
Shinspirit, soul, heart
Seika-no-tanden"lower tanden". Point in the lower abdomen below the navel on two fingers. A single center of all physical and spiritual strength. One of the fundamental concepts of Aikido
Senpaisenior student
Senseiteacher, master
Takemusu-Aiki"An inexhaustible source of Aiki". The term Founder to denote inexhaustible creativity or art of Aikido. Also one of the names of equipment spontaneous response to the actions of a partner or change in the situation in Aikido
Tanden"belly, abdomen". One of the names of the centers, and it unites the spiritual and physical energy
Tatamitraditional Japanese mats made of rice straw
Tokonomaritual niche in the hall of military arts or in the living room Japanese house where usually hung scroll of painting or calligraphy, and put a decorative arrangement of flowers, twigs and leaves (ikebana). The dwelling place of the spirits (kami).
Tosincenter, the middle, the center of the spirit
Uchi-deshi"home" student, who lives in the dojo for regular training with Sensei and doing work around the house
Harabelly. The center of spiritual life and energy of man
Haraicleaning, sweeping, mopping
Hitoman, people, person
Hombu-Dojothe headquarters of Aikido; Central Aikido dojo, located in Tokyo
Enbudemonstrations
Ensoperformance
Jarispear
Yari-Jutsuthe art of fencing with spear
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Common phrases

Aida nibetween
Anatayou
Arigatothank you
Asamorning
Ato nibehind, after
Asokoover there
Ashtatomorrow
Banevening
Vakarimasunderstood,it is clear
Wakarimasendo not understand
Warewarewe
WatashiI
Giapparel
Gomen-nasaiapologize
DzoriJapanese Slippers
Dodzoplease
Dodzo, ohayri kudasaiplease enter
Domolarge (thank you)
Domo-arigato godzaymashtathank you very much. I sincerely thank. This phrase is usually said at the end of the training and thanked the instructor for the training session
Erunight
Iieno
Imanow
Ketoday
Kikendangerous
Kinoyesterday
Kite kudasaiplease come
KonbanwaGood evening!
KonnichiwaHello!
Misete kudasaishow me
Motte kite kudasaiplease bring
Nakamiddle (Naka ni - middle)
Obiwaist
Omedeto-godzaimasCongratulations!
Onegay-simasplease; Please; Please, be my partner. The traditional greeting at the beginning of training means: "tell me let's start to do"
O-hayo hodzaymasGood morning!
Sayonaragoodbye!
Sympashynayde kudasaino worries
Soba niside, near
Sumi-MasenSorry! Please Forgiveness!
Ueup
Uchi niamong
HaiYes, I realized, well
Hakamawide skirt-pants samurai. In Aikido wearing hakama usually allowed those who received 1st Dan and above. Symbolizes the connection of Aikido is Budo and traditions of the samurai
Hiroday
Hokaexcept
Chigaunot so
Shtabottom, under
Ichone
Nitwo
Santhree
Yon (Shi)four
Gofive
Recusix
Shichiseven
Hachieight
Kyunine
Juten
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Commands

Abunaybeware
Benkenasayengage in
Wasurenaide kudasaidon't forget
Dzenpoforward
Derocome out
Eiready
Ikego
Irrashyaemasestand up
Isogefaster
Kakerosit
Koycome here
Kotaichange, replacing
Matestop, to finish
Matte kudasaiwait
Massuguright
Migi-niright
Miro (miyo)watch
Mo ichidoagain
Motte Koy get
Moto estop it!
Osokyslower
ReiBow greeting, politeness. Used as a command (an exclamation mentor), the signal for greeting
Seyretsubecome, rise!
Sindzen-ni-reicommand: bow to the Shrine!
Suvattesit
Tatte (kiritsy)stand up
Tei-no-atsumariin places!
Toreget
Hajime started
Hashirerun
Hayakufaster
Hidari-nileft
Shirodo perform
Yukkurislower
Yury-yaka-nismoothly
Yamestop
Yasumerelax
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Technical terms

Abaraedge
Awase-wazacombined machinery
Awase-Hoconcerted exercise paired with a bokken or Jo
Agojaw
Ago-tsuki-agean upward blow to the jaw from the bottom up when capturing from behind
Age-tsukiascending punch, uppercut. Used in atemi Jutsu. For example, when Ude Kimi-nage
Agura (Sidzen-andza)the position of sitting cross-legged (tailor posture), adopt for the internal concentration.
Aiki-KenAiki technique of fencing
Aiki-taisobasic educational equipment; warm-up
AI-Hanmione-sided stand. Mutual arrangement, when UKE and NAGE are in the same racks (right-right, left-left)
AI-Hanmi-katate-torieponymous grasping system the wrist
Aiki-nagethrow the thought, spirit, will,
Aiki-otoshiAikido is based on overturning partner by removing it from the equilibrium
Atagani-reibow to each other
Atamahead
Atemiblow (hit the vital points), is used to neutralize and divert attention of the enemy (can be different forces with different subsequent effect)
Atemi-wazaSection Aikido studied the technique strike
Ashi (asi)leg, foot
Ashi-kubyankle
Ashi-sibumiwalking across the carpet, sliding step
Ashi-sabakithe technique of movement (It includes ayumi-ashi, okuri-ashi, tsugi-ashi)
Ayumi-ashimovement full step
Bokken (bokuto)wooden sword (used in training)
Wazatechnique
Gokyothe fifth form of basic techniques of immobilization (fifth control)
Gedanlower position (part of the plane body)
Gedan-atehit the inside knee. Refers to the section of Atemi-Jutsu
Gedan-no-kamaeposition in which the sword (or hand) is at a lower level
Gedan-kaeshione of the techniques used in Aiki-Jo-Ho
Gedan-tsukidirect punch in the lower level
Geri-wazatechnique kicks
Giacounlike
Gyaku-doriunlike the capture of the wrist
Gyaku-Kote-gaeshi (gyaku-gote) return kote-gaeshi
Gyaku-kamae-atea type of atemi is used in Tomiki-ryu against an armed enemy as one of the names applied sokumen-iriminage.
Gyaku-no-kamaereturn the position of the sword
Gyaku-te-doriAnother name: AI-Hanmi-katate-dori - grip wrist partner with opposite hand
Gyaku-Hanmiopposite foot on the position of partner
Gyaku-Hanmi-katate-dorioppositely capture wrist
Dagekia heavy blow; attack-hit
Jo (dze)wooden pole with a height of 120-140 cm (or individually), diameter 2.5 - 4 cm
Jodantop level
Jodan-no-kamaethe position at which the sword (hand) is in the top level
Jodan-tsukidirect punch in the top level
Jo-Doriselection techniques Jo, defense equipment from attack opponent armed with a Jo
Jo-kihon-suburibasic movements with Jo
Jo-no-katavarious kata with Jo
Dza-reibow, a greeting in sitting position
Dza-Shikietiquette followed in sitting position
Jiju-wazaexecution of arbitrary technician
Jiju-geicofree training techniques with a partner
Judgecross, crossing
Juji-garamithrow with crossing of hands
Yokoside
Yoko-geri side kick
Yoko-ukemifall sideways insurance
Yokomenside of the head, face
Yoko-men-uchiblow to the head circumference (the temple), neck, side impact
YonkyoThe fourth form of the basic techniques of immobilization (Fourth control)
Ikkyothe first form of the basic techniques of immobilization (the first control)
Ikkyo-undo"continuous motion"
Irimibasic movements, moving forward, direct access "to the enemy"
Irimi-nage throw with irimi
Irimi-tenkan"input + turnaround." One of the basic body movements in Aikido
Kaji-undomove in a spiral
Kaitencircle, rotation, turnover
Kaiten-nageThrow rotation
Kakari-geikoexercise in which several uke constantly turns from one direction incessantly attacking nage (the tories)
Kamaerack, position
Kamae-tohour of the swordsman whose sword is average. The initial position for the exercises with the sword
Kasiwadaritual clapping hands
Katame-waza (osae-waza)immobilization technique, painful holds, grips
Kata-doricapture, retention sleeve kimono in the shoulder
Katatewrist; one hand
Katate-doriattack, capture, hold, forearm, wrist
Katsuresuscitation equipment
Kihon-wazabasic technique, the basics
Koku-dosaexercise on the distribution of energy flow
Koku-nagethrowing techniques using koku
Koku-rekypower of breath
Koku-tandan-Hoexercise in the musubi - the rhythm of your life energy merges with the energy rhythm of your partner
Koku-undorespiratory motion. Techniques for generating Kokyu-roku. They are performed sitting and standing, individually and with a partner
Koku-Hogroup techniques performed in position Tachi-waza or Suvari-waza with the aim of developing a true kokyu
Kohoback
Koho-kaiten-ukemiinsurance ago (Ushiro-ukemi, zenpo-kaiten-ukemi)
Koshihip, loin
Koshi-nagethrow through a hip
Kotewrist
Kote-gaeshithrow, by the twisting of the wrist
Kote-mawashi (nikyo)rotation of the wrist. One of the names of the 2nd control
Kote-hineri (Sankyo)twist of the wrist. One of names of the 3rd control
Kubyneck
Kubi-shime strangulation opponent
Kumi-Joform of exercises with Jo paired with a partner
Kumi-Tachiform of exercises with baranami paired with a partner
Kensword and fist
Ken-no-kihon-suburibasic movements with the sword
Maspace, interval, distance, distance
Ma-aidistance, the distance (harmonic distance between uke and nage necessary for effective execution of Aikido techniques. MA-AI is changed depending on the situation and weapon
Makiwarapurpose, tools for practicing strikes in Aikido, karate, etc.
Mawashi-Garyroundhouse kick
Maefront, forward
Mae Gerydirect kick
Mae-ukemi (zenpo-kaiten-ukemi)insurance forward and falls forward on his hands
Migiright
Migi gawaright side
Migi-teright arm
Migi-kamaeright front, right foot in front of the left
Moro-te-dori (katate-riote dori)capture, hold one hand (forearm) both hands
Mochicapture
Mynetorso, body, chest
Myne-dorigripping the lapel of the jacket at the chest
Myne-tsukia blow or jolt to the chest
Men-uchihits downwards in the head
Nage (dori)one who performs the technique
Nage-waza technique throws
Nickyothe second form of basic techniques of immobilization (second control)
Nodothroat
OI-tsukinamesake direct punch
Omotefront side, the movement "inside"
Omote-wazaequipment that runs in front of the center of the enemy
Orenai-te"unbendable arm"
Osae-wazatechnique hold, immobilize, grips
Otagai-ni-reibow to each other
Otoshifalling, lowering, throwing, side step
Randorifree fight. Spontaneous technique when attacking multiple uke
Rio-te the capture of the two hands of the partner front
Rio-te-Dori capture two hands for two hands (forearms) nage
Rio-mune-doricapture the tops kimono with both hands
Rio-kata-dorigrip, two hands holding shoulders
Rio-sode-doriicapturing two sleeves
Rio-hiji-doricapturing two cubits
Ritsu-reibow, a greeting in a standing position
Sabakithe technique of movement (includes ayumi-ashi, okuri-ashi, tsugi-ashi)
Sei-undotraffic left and right. One of the basic Aikido exercises, which refers to kokyu-Ho irimi and includes movements 2, 4, 6 sides
Sankyothe third form of basic techniques of immobilization (third control)
Kodesleeve
Kode-doricapture sleeve
Kode-uchi-doricapture the sleeve from the inside
Sokeygroin
:the side profile, side. Aikido is used as a departure from the line of attack
Sokumen-irimi-nage(Sae-nage)Throw an outer spiral arm movement using as a basis Sei-undo and kokyu-ho-irimi
Sotoexternal side
Soto-kaitenmovement on the outside
Soto-kaiten-nagethrow using the movement on the outside with a turn
Suburibasic individual technique with a bokken or Jo
Suvari-wazatechnique performed by uke and nage located at the position on her knees
Suvarisit
SuneShin
Sune-uchislashing blow in the shins
Seidzasitting position
Tai-no-henkomodify (change) the position of the body relative to something (practicing basic elements). Name variations change the body relative to the four cardinal directions. And one of the names of kokyu-Ho-Tenkan
Tai-no-tenkan-Homethods of a rotation body. Subdivided into: · teach-Tenkan · soto-tenkan, · ushiro-tenkan and · yoko-tenkan.So Jay is one of the names of kokyu-ho-tenkan
Tai-sabakitechnique twists and turns the body, including : tenkan, irimi-tenkan, ikkyo-undo, shiho-undo
Taiho-waza the technique of "convoy, seizing the" enemy
Tai-Jutsufighting techniques without the use of weapons
Tantotraditional Japanese knife
Tanto-wazasection in Aikido, studying the technique of the use of the knife and disarm
Tanto-Dorithe technique of disarming the enemy armed tanto
Tachie (Tati)sword
Tachi-wazatechnique performed by uke and nage, being in a standing position
Tachi-dorithe technique of disarming the opponent armed with a sword
Tate-hiji-no-kamaestand on one knee
Tori (nage)one who performs the technique
Tehand
Tegatanahand sword
Tekubi wrist
Tenkanrotate, rotate, leaving the line of attack with the use of rotation
Tenkan-Ho(kokyu-ho tenkan) is an exercise method reversal
Teng-chi-nagethrow sky-earth
Udeforearm
Ude kimi nagethrow using pain impact on elbow
Ude-fyri-undoOne of the basic warm-up exercises in Aikido, exercise release energy.
Ukeattacker that is running protective equipment
Ukemiinsurance, somersault
Ukemi-undopreparatory exercise for insurances
Undo (dosa)movement, exercise, travel
Bangreturn, rear
Uchiinside
Uchi-kaiten-nagethrow rotation with the input inside the under the arm
Uchi-Komipenetrating slashing strike. Also one of the types of atemi. Strike "blacksmith"
Ushirorear
Ushiro-barai"sweeping" slashing strike back using Jo
Ushiro-wazaprotective equipment from attack from behind
Ushiro-ukemiinsurance ago
Ushiro-katate-dori(Ushiro-tekubi-dori)grip the back of the wrist
Ushiro-kata-otoshithe capture of the two shoulders in the back and the tipping of a partner by yourself (with care)
Ushiro-rekata dorycapture two rear shoulder
Ushiro-rete-dorirear grip with two hands two hands
Ushiro-retekubi-dorirear grip for both hands
Ushiro-rehidzi-doricapture behind two cubits
Ushiro-citate-dorirear girth at chest with lock hands under the hands of the partner)
Ushiro-tekubi-dory-dzensin-undo"wave front". One of the names of the exercises, coaching liberation from the grip of two hands in the back and bringing the enemy off balance with a step forward
Ushiro-tekubi-dory-kotai-undo"back wave". The same thing but with the departure ago
Ushiro-tekubi-dory-kubi-shime(Ushiro-katate-dory-kubi-shime)a rear naked choke with the simultaneous capture of one hand (wrist)
Ushiro-uchislashing strike back with the sword or Jo
Ushiro-tsukiheader a sword blow or Jo ago
Ushiro-eri-doricapture the back of the collar
Ushiro-eri-dori-men-uchigrip behind the neck with a slashing blow to the head
Funakogi-undoliterally: the movement of a rower, based on ancient techniques, with the aim of uniting body and mind, refers to Aiki-taiso, is used for producing power, stabilization, coordination
Futari-dorisection in Aikido, studying the ways of liberation from the grips of the two opponents with the subsequent application of techniques
Hai-shin-undopulling, stretching back. Exercise to relax your partner on the back, facilitating the straightening of the spine and to cleanse lungs
Hanmibasic position, basic hour Aikido
Hanmi-no-kamaeposition, - hour basic Aikido
Hanmi-hantachi-wazatechnique techniques when attacking - uke stands, and the defending - nage is in a position of suwari-waza
Happoeight parties
Happo-giricut eight sides." Basic exercises Aiki-ken-po
Hassothe movement of the eight
Hidarileft, left-hand
Hidari gawaleft side
Hidari-teleft hand
Hidari-kamaeleft-sided position in which the left leg is in front of right
Hidzaknee
Hijielbow
Hiji-dorycapture by the elbow. The name of the throw using the block elbow
Hiji-kime-osaehold a fixed impact on elbow
Homethod, direction
Henka-waza"technique variations of basic techniques of Aikido
Tsugi-ashimovement side step
Tsukuto hit, to prick, to pierce, to strike
Tsuki a simple straight punch
Tsuki-wazasection bonder shock equipment
Chudanmiddle level
Chudan-no-kamaethe position at which the sword (or hand) is average
Chudan-tsukia direct hit fist in the average level
Shomen-uchia blow to the head from top to bottom
Shomen-tsukidirect punch in the upper torso, head
Shikomethod of travel on your lap (suvari-waza)
Shiho4 direction
Shiho-girihack on 4-d side. The basic exercise in Aikido
Shiho-nagethrow on four direction
Ericollar, lapel
Eri-doricapture over collar
Jybifinger
Jybi-jutsuthe art of influencing pain points with your fingertips
Yagay-geikotraining outdoors
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