This page of our website are not intended to describe all absolutely, without exception, the many and varied types of weapons that have been used for thousands of years of turbulent history of the East and Japan, and in our time continue to be used in many different schools of martial arts in Japan and around the world, as well, as well as methods for their use.

On this page you will find only the study data on the most well-known and used in the training of Aikido types of weapons, a basic understanding of them and the minimum required information. Everything else - the result of your search, read special literature and lessons with an instructor at the Dojo.

Bokken, Jo, Tanto


Bokken - wooden sword.
The profile follows the shape of the katana - a Japanese sword.
Looks like the one shown in the picture.
Dimensions : length - 100 cm In other cases - in accordance with the size of Your body.
wood species for the manufacture of : ash, beech, hornbeam, acacia.


Jo (dze) - wooden pole.
Dimensions : length - from the sternum to the ground, the profile is round, diameter 25 - 30 mm


Tanto - wooden knife.
Dimensions : length - 25-40 cm
a Cross - sectional view similar to the cross section of the bokken.


Metal weapons

The main types of Japanese weapons include the following :

In numerous books about swords and Katanas in particular you will find a description of how the independent production of these weapons. But our you good advice - still no time to waste. Smelting and manufacture of high-quality doped, steel is not an event that can be done in the backyard of a country house.. In this case it is better to look for specialist.


basically the final formation of a Japanese sword occurred between Nara and the Heian (from g. to g.)

Accepted by the following classification groups depending on time of manufacturing :
Koto - "old swords" - made to 1596. the
Shinto - "new swords" - made between 1595 and 1790 for years.
Shin-Shinto - "the latest swords" - made between 1790 and 1876 years
Gendaito - manufactured from 1876 to the present.

The overall length of katana is an average of 90 cm, the width of the blade 27-35 mm, the deflection is equal to or slightly greater than the width of the blade. the
arm length katana - 25-30 cm or 3 coverage hands. The length between the tsuba and the edge - on average about 75 cm.

The accuracy of the geometric parameters is the most important - the balance of a fighting blade. This is what distinguishes a real gun from a souvenir.



Wakidzasi (Wakizashi)- a short sword.

If the katana in Japan were worn only on the street (on etiquette, entering the house, the katana should be kept in a special place), wakidzasi was with her master permanently.

Length wakidzasi - 30-60 cm arm Length usually half to two hand grip (about 20 cm).

Usually a katana and wakidzasi made one set and in the same style.


Tanto (metal)

Varies by style and size. the
Tanto Combat knife length of blade 25-40 cm and tsuba. the
Hamidashi - combat knife, tanto similar, but without tsuba.
Aikuchi - blade length 10-30 cm
Kogatana - miniature knife was in the pocket of the scabbard katana with their inner side. the
The first three types of knives were worn in his belt as swords.



Naginata - a big heavy sword with a very long handle classic oval cross-section, which was completed fittings of metal isidzuki for strikes.

In Japan, the naginata was the main weapon with the shaft. After the spear was the main polearm, naginata remained the main weapon of women of samurai birth and favorite weapon buddists monks, warriors "Sohei".

Now naginata-to is widely popular in Japan, and some girls ' schools included in the curriculum.

Dimensions : modern classical naginata is a pole length of 2 m, on which is mounted a blade length of 30-70 cm (standard length 60 cm). The blade resembles the blade of a katana, but is usually more curved and heavy.



Yari - a spear with a tip that is a reduced copy of a two-edged sword.
Therefore, Jari - only copies known in the world, having a sheath for the tip. the
The average length was 2-3 meters with a blade of up to 50 cm long, with many modifications (katakana-Jari, magari-Jari).
Copies of the flagpole and arm naginata was made of solid wood, heavy and solid.


Interested in to obtain more detailed information on this you can recommend a book Horev V. "the Japanese sword. Ten centuries of perfection". Rostov-na-Dony "Phoenix", 2003, Detailed and very high quality presentation of information about Japanese swords.